Q: Can oral lichen planus lead to oral cancer?
A: This association remains controversial, but there are reported cases of this occurring. This concern reinforces the essential need to obtain an accurate diagnosis, typically with a biopsy. All patients with oral lichen planus should have a periodic evaluation to asses the efficacy of therapy and to monitor for suspicious changes. If your oral lichen planus does not respond to treatment or if you should notice a significant change, you should contact your heath care provider for further evaluation.
Ancient toothpastes were used to treat some of the same concerns that we have today – keeping teeth and gums clean, whitening teeth and freshening breath. The ingredients of ancient toothpastes were however very different and varied. Ingredients used included a powder of ox hooves' ashes and burnt eggshells, that was combined with pumice. The Greeks and Romans favored more abrasiveness and their toothpaste ingredients included crushed bones and oyster shells. The Romans added more flavoring to help with bad breath, as well as powdered charcoal and bark. The Chinese used a wide variety of substances in toothpastes over time that have included ginseng, herbal mints and salt.
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